Mold Spores (colony-forming
The airborne concentrations of viable fungi in indoor
environments are usually in the order of a few to several thousand
colony-forming units (CFUs) per
cubic metre of air. In a given
space, concentrations of fungi are highly variable and depend on such
factors as: climate and season, type of fungus, construction, age and
use of the building, and ventilation rate. They also depend largely on
the sampling and analytical methods used, making valid comparisons
between studies difficult. ------from the
Health Organization in its report WHO Guidelines for
Indoor Air Quality:
and Mould, published July 16, 2009.
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See pictures of most dangerous
toxic fungi species.
"Exposure to certain types of fungi, known as toxic mold, can cause a
serious [allergic] reaction. If you're unlucky, this is the kind of
mold you have. If you're really unlucky, your toxic mold will gird
for battle and go to war, secreting chemicals called mycotoxins,
which can find their way into your body, entering through your nose,
mouth, and skin, lodging perhaps in your digestive tract, your
lungs, or your brain. Among these toxins are trichothecenes, which were
rumored to have been used as a biological weapon during the wars in
Afghanistan and Vietnam." warned Lisa Belkin, "Haunted by Mold,"
NEW YORK TIMES,
Aug. 13, 2001.
"Over 37 million people have
allergies and many of them are caused by fungus."
Fungal Infection: Do you have it?
Fungal Infection is an infection caused
by a fungus, affecting not only people
but also animals and plants.
"Fungus irritates the nose and causes allergies."
infections in humans include Aspergillosis,
Blastomycosis, Candidiasis, Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis,
Histoplasmosis, Paracoccidiomycosis, Sporotrichosis, Zygomycosis,
Chromoblastomycosis, Eye Infections, Lobomycosis, Mycetoma, Otomycosis,
Phaeohyphomycosis, Rhinosporidiosis, and Nail, Hair, and Skin disease
(such as: Onychomycosis (Tinea unguium), Piedra, Pityriasis versicolor,
Tinea barbae, Tinea capitis, Tinea corporis, Tinea cruris, Tinea
favosa, Tinea nigra, and Tinea pedis).
Fungal infection in animals are: ringworm (dermatophytosis) and Cryptococcosis in cats. Disease on chickens is caused by
the fungus Microsporum gallinae.
in plants include: smut,
rust, ergot, mildew, Dutch elm disease, dry rot, blight, gall, and
information is taken from the
Federal Emergency Management Agency: "Airborne (Fungal Diseases).
Fungi produce dry spores, which are dispersed on the wind and can
travel great distances. After a fungus has infected an area, it
is very difficult to eliminate all of the spores. Although fungicides
are helpful, fungi can persist in other hosts, allowing the disease to
continue infecting plants for a long time."
diseases are caused by fungi..."
To read more
fungus-caused health problems,
read mold expert Phillip Fry's ebook
Mold Health Guide.
and Inadequate Ventilation are Two Causes
of Microbial Pollution
World Health Organization in its report WHO
Indoor Air Quality: Dampness
and Mould, published July 16, 2009
presence of many
biological agents in indoor
environments is attributable
to dampness and
inadequate ventilation. Excess moisture on almost all indoor
materials leads to growth of microbes, such as mould, fungi and
spores, cells, fragments and
volatile organic compounds into
Moreover, dampness initiates chemical or biological degradation of
materials, which also pollute indoor air. Dampness has therefore
to be strong,
consistent indicator of risk of asthma and respiratory symptoms
(e.g. cough and wheeze). The health risks of biological contaminants
of indoor air could thus be addressed by considering dampness as the
acknowledged global trends contribute to the conditions associated
with increased exposure to dampness and mould:
conservation measures that are not properly implemented (tightened
envelopes, ventilation deficits, improper insulation);
(migration, building type and density, urban degradation, housing
change (increasing frequency of
extreme weather conditions, shifting
quality and globalization of
building materials and
concepts and techniques.
increase the risks of adverse health effects due to biologicalcontaminants
of indoor air.
Environmental Products and Services
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book to help you,
your doctor and your lawyer understand the health problems and illnesses
caused by indoor exposure to mold in your home, school, or workplace plus
medical studies that document the links between mold exposure and
illnesses. For more environmental products and services click here.
For more information on fungus, fungi, and fungal infections, please
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Picture of water damage and mold growth in window sill of New York